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RUSTSEC-2022-0035

Unbounded memory allocation based on untrusted length

Issued
Package
websocket (crates.io)
Type
Vulnerability
Categories
Keywords
#websocket
Aliases
Details
https://github.com/websockets-rs/rust-websocket/security/advisories/GHSA-qrjv-rf5q-qpxc
Patched
  • >=0.26.5

Description

Impact

Untrusted websocket connections can cause an out-of-memory (OOM) process abort in a client or a server. The root cause of the issue is during dataframe parsing. Affected versions would allocate a buffer based on the declared dataframe size, which may come from an untrusted source. When Vec::with_capacity fails to allocate, the default Rust allocator will abort the current process, killing all threads. This affects only sync (non-Tokio) implementation. Async version also does not limit memory, but does not use with_capacity, so DoS can happen only when bytes for oversized dataframe or message actually got delivered by the attacker.

This is a security concern for you, if

Patches

The crashes are fixed in version 0.26.5 by imposing default dataframe size limits. Affected users are advised to update to this version.

Note that default memory limits are rather large (100MB dataframes and 200 MB messages), so they can still cause DoS in some environments (i.e. 32-bit). New API has been added to fine tune those limits for specific applications.

Workarounds

Credits

This issue was reported by Evan Richter at ForAllSecure and found with Mayhem and Cargo Fuzz.