RUSTSEC-2021-0031: nano_arena: split_at allows obtaining multiple mutable references to the same data


Affected versions of this crate assumed that Borrow<Idx> was guaranteed to return the same value on .borrow(). The borrowed index value was used to retrieve a mutable reference to a value.

If the Borrow<Idx> implementation returned a different index, the split arena would allow retrieving the index as a mutable reference creating two mutable references to the same element. This violates Rust's aliasing rules and allows for memory safety issues such as writing out of bounds and use-after-frees.

The flaw was corrected in commit 6b83f9d by storing the .borrow() value in a temporary variable.

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