HistoryEdit

RUSTSEC-2019-0029

ChaCha20 counter overflow can expose repetitions in the keystream

Issued
Package
chacha20 (crates.io)
Type
Vulnerability
Categories
Aliases
Details
https://github.com/RustCrypto/stream-ciphers/pull/64
CVSS Score
7.5 HIGH
CVSS Details
Attack vector
Network
Attack complexity
Low
Privileges required
None
User interaction
None
Scope
Unchanged
Confidentiality
High
Integrity
None
Availability
None
CVSS Vector
CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N
Patched
  • >=0.2.3

Description

The ChaCha20 stream cipher can produce a maximum of 2^32 blocks (~256GB) before the 32-bit counter overflows. Releases of the chacha20 crate prior to v0.2.3 allow generating keystreams larger than this, including seeking past the limit. When this occurs, the keystream is duplicated, with failure modes similar to nonce reuse (i.e. exposure of the XOR of two plaintexts).

The v0.2.3 release now panics in this event, rather than exposing the duplicated keystream. Note this is a "hot fix" solution to the problem and future releases will pursue returning an error in this case.

Users of the chacha20poly1305 crate are unaffected by this as this crate properly asserts the length of the plaintext is less than the maximum allowed (P_MAX as described in RFC 8439 Section 2.8).